Close Close
Mother and Baby

Dyspraxia: The Signs To Look Out For

This little known developmental disorder can affect people in different ways, but you can help your child handle it

What is dyspraxia?

Dyspraxia or Developmental Co-ordination Disorder (DCD), is a condition which affects fine and/or gross motor coordination in children and adults. ‘While DCD is often regarded as an umbrella term to cover motor coordination difficulties, dyspraxia can also refer to people who have additional problems planning, organising and carrying out movements in the right order in everyday situations,’ says Michele Lee, Chair of the Dyspraxia Foundation. For example, following directions or getting dressed properly.


The condition can also affect articulation and speech, perception and thought. ‘Although dyspraxia may occur on its own, it also appears alongside other conditions such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), dyslexia, language disorders and social, emotional and behavioural impairments,’ says Michele. These conditions are sometimes collectively known as Specific Learning Differences (SpLD).

How is dyspraxia diagnosed?

It can be difficult to make a diagnosis of DCD in a young child (that is, under the age of five) as a number of difficulties noted could be related to other conditions or simply a lack of opportunity to develop a skill. Toddlers and young children are often clumsy because they’re learning new skills and movements.

‘DCD or dyspraxia affects about five per cent of the population, with boys more frequently affected than girls,’ says Michele.

What are the symptoms of dyspraxia?

Some of the early signs of dyspraxia include a tendency to constantly bump into objects, fall or trip over, an awkward running gait, difficulty pedalling a tricycle or walking up and down stairs and little interest in or poor ability with throwing, catching and kicking balls.

‘Your child may also have trouble with fine motor skills such as using cutlery or pencils and a delay in hand dominance – that is, working out whether he’s left or right-handed,’ says Michele. ‘He may also have speech and language difficulties or problems following instructions.

What causes dyspraxia?

Although the exact causes of dyspraxia are unknown, it’s thought to be caused by a disruption in the way messages from the brain are transmitted to the body. ‘This is what affects your child’s ability to perform movements in a smooth, coordinated way,’ says Michele. There is a genetic link with dyspraxia, so if you or your partner struggle with some of the above issues, there’s a higher chance your child could, too.

Can you treat dyspraxia?

Although dyspraxia is not curable, children with the condition may improve as they get older and symptoms in children can lessen if they are given the right treatment and advice to minimise the day-to-day difficulties that their dyspraxia can cause.

There are a number of activities you can do with your child that can aid his development if he seems to suffer with co-ordination problems. ‘Try walking slowly on a straight line, circle or other shape chalked or taped on the floor,’ says Michele. ‘To improve hand-eye co-ordination, play catch with large objects like balloons, scarves, or different sized balls, or play a game where your toddler has to catch bubbles in the air with both hands.’


If your pre-schooler struggles with dressing, give him loose-fit easy on/easy off clothing and Velcro fastenings for shoes.

‘To aid fine motor skills, provide chunky pens or crayons that are easy to hold, and play games that will build hand and finger strength. Play-Doh or plasticine is good because it can be rolled into a sausage, pinched and squeezed,’ says Michele.

When should I take my child to see a GP?

If you’re worried your child may have dyspraxia, talk to your GP, and he may refer him to a paediatrician as well as to physiotherapy and occupational therapy for an assessment, advice and treatment.

Although having dyspraxia can make life slightly more difficult, it’s by no means a barrier to a happy and normal life, especially if you know what to expect and how to handle yourself. Famous people with dyspraxia include Albert Einstein, actor, Daniel Radcliffe, singer, Florence Welch and chef Jamie Oliver.

Did you know?

Popular CBeebies show Tree Fu Tom was developed in conjunction with the Dyspraxia Foundation to help teach developmental movement. The spells that Tom gets children watching the programme to perform with him are designed to help and support this.

Related content:


No comments have been made yet.

Chinese Gender predictor
Chinese Gender Predictor

Is it a boy or a girl? Tell our tool the month you concieved and how old you are and find out! 

Nappy rash is painful for parents as well as for your baby
Nappy rash is painful for parents as well as for your baby

Read Dr Pixie's guide to learn how to deal with nappy rash

The Magic Sleepsuit
The secret to a quiet night’s sleep – The Magic Sleepsuit

If you’re little one is struggling to settle now they’ve outgrown the swaddling stage, this could be the answer to your sleep-deprived prayers!

Celebrating parenting's small wins
Celebrating parenting's small wins

As mums, we're constantly told to enjoy every moment; in reality, parenting can sometimes be challenging. That's where small wins come in...

Subscribe to Mother&Baby

Be the best mum you can be and let Mother & Baby guide you along the way. Each issue is jam packed with REAL advice from mums just like you. Subscribe today & get a free welcome gift!

Ovulation Calculator
Ovulation calculator
Trying for a baby? Work out when you're most fertile to increase your chances of getting pregnant with our easy-to-use ovulation calculator.
Pregnant woman
Due Date Calculator

When is your baby due? If you’re having trouble remembering dates and counting up the days on your fingers and toes, don’t worry – use our due date calculator.

Get M&B in your inbox!

Sign up to Mother&Baby today and get news and advice about your body and your baby straight to your inbox every week. 

Lemonade Money
It’s time to make sure your loved ones are protected

Every parent knows the importance of planning ahead; from the new school shoes, to your little one’s education, you want to fill their future with hopes and dreams. Yet are you one of the 80% of adults here in the UK that has no life cover?