Mother and Baby

A beginner's guide to breastfeeding

Section: Feeding

Breastfeeding can be really tough, but with our beginner's guide, you can begin to feel both informed and confident enough to feed your baby. 

It can take a while for both you and your baby to get the hang of it and that's completely normal. 

We've put together a beginner's breastfeeding guide to help you navigate this, sometimes tricky, territory.

Note: If breastfeeding doesn't work out for you, please don't be too hard on yourself. Motherhood is hard enough as it is! 

Click on the below to jump to the section, or simply scroll! 

Firstly, should you breastfeed your baby?

The NHS recommends breastfeeding your baby exclusively for their first six months. After that, you can combine your milk with the same foods you're eating.

Most mothers have stopped breastfeeding their babies when they've reached two years old, although when to stop is entirely dependent on what's working best for you both.

One major point to note is that breastfeeding isn't something you and your baby will always instantly master, and you'll have both good and bad days.

Putting pressure on yourself to get it right first time and every time can make you feel bad about breastfeeding. This can take away from the bonding time you could be having with your baby.

Go easy on yourself and always ask for help if you need it. If breastfeeding isn't suitable for you, there is no shame in bottle feeding. 

WATCH: A midwife shows how to breastfeed a newborn baby

What are the benefits for my baby?

Is breastfeeding good for me and my baby? Here are 10 brilliant benefits of breastfeeding:


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1) It may reduce your baby's risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), also known as cot death

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2) Breastfeeding can fight inflammation on your baby's digestive system by planting good (probiotic) bacteria

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3) It can help you bond with your baby and help prevent postnatal depression

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4) It can help prevent them becoming a fussy eater. The flavour of breastmilk can change depending on what you've eaten, meaning it can help prepare your little one for different tastes

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5) Breastfeeding for at least six months can protect babies against childhood leukaemia

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6) Breastfed babies may be less likely to become obese or develop diabetes as adults.

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7) Breastmilk can help your baby to recover from illness more quickly

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8) Breastmilk contains antibodies that help to protect your baby fight infection, such as tummy bugs (gastroenteritis), colds and ear infections

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9) Breastmilk contains long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids. They help your baby’s all-important brain to develop

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10) Breastfeeding reduces the risk of your baby wheezing and developing severe eczema 

Does breastfeeding hurt?

Breastfeeding shouldn't hurt when done correctly, but it can cause pain if something is wrong.

The good news is that there are lots of things you can do to alleviate discomfort.

Most issues are caused by uncomfortable placement and positioning, so it's worth experimenting to find the best one or seeking advice from an expert.

The letdown reflex (when your breasts fill up with milk) can be an unpleasant sensation at first, but the ache often settles down within a few months.

Similarly, your breasts can become engorged if you're overproducing milk or haven't been able to pump or feed your baby in a while. Settling into a regular schedule is the best way of ensuring this doesn't happen too often.

There are also some conditions associated with breastfeeding that require a GP visit. Thrush can be passed between your baby and your nipples and if it enters your milk ducts, it can cause a lot of pain after you've finished breastfeeding.

Mastitis is an inflammation of your breast tissue, leading to discomfort along with fever symptoms. Check your symptoms of mastitis here and see a doctor if you're concerned.

Nipple pain is a common complaint among breastfeeding mums. Your baby's enthusiasm for eating can result in sore, cracked or even bleeding nipples.

Have a look at our guide to soothing sore nipples for some easy household treatments like Vaseline, Manuka honey or saltwater baths. You can also buy specialist creams like this Lansinoh Lanolin Cream (£7.33,



What can I eat and drink while breastfeeding?

When you're breastfeeding, taking care of your health is vital for both you and your baby.

Breastfeeding can make you hungrier and more tired than normal, so try to address this with a healthy, balanced diet including plenty of fruit and vegetables, protein, fibre, dairy and fluids.

If you're stuck for inspiration, read our list of drinks and snacks to help you keep your energy up while breastfeeding.

Skimmed milk and water are the best options for keeping hydrated.

Caffeine is not recommended for breastfeeding mums above limits of around 300mg a day, as it can reach your baby through your milk and keep him or her awake. Alcohol in small amounts of one or two units a week is generally fine.

Can I take medication while breastfeeding?

Cold and flu medications aren't recommended for breastfeeding mums because they can make their way to your baby through your milk.

With any new medication, you should always seek guidance from your GP and let them know you're breastfeeding before you take anything.

Do breastfeeding babies need water?

Because breast milk is 88% water, babies don't need any water while breastfeeding, although they may need more breast milk in hot weather.

Do breastfeeding babies need to be burped?

Babies who are breastfed don't need to be burped as often as bottle-fed babies, because they swallow less air when they're feeding.

Do breastfeeding babies get colic?

It's a myth that breastfeeding prevents colic, as colic is no more or less common in breastfed babies than babies who don't breastfeed.

Will it change my breasts?

The flow of milk into your breasts during breastfeeding can lead to a slight stretching that might cause your breasts to look and feel different.

Other than that, it's impossible to say how your breasts might change in appearance after breastfeeding because everyone's experience is different.

Any changes to the appearance of your breasts are far more likely to be caused by pregnancy itself than by breastfeeding.

Can I get pregnant whilst breastfeeding?

Yes! It's all depending on how often you breastfeed or 'booble' your baby. "Anything that we do which reduces the frequency and manner in which our baby naturally boobles can affect our hormone levels and, potentially, cause us to ovulate." says parenting expert Rachel Fitz-Desorgher. Check out her full guide on fertility whilst breastfeeding, if you're still unsure. 

Does it have any side effects?

The hormones released during breastfeeding can have all kinds of side effects, which differ from woman to woman, including drowsiness, acne, headaches, nausea, weight loss and heightened emotions both good and bad.

It's important to recognise that if you don't feel uplifted by breastfeeding, this is probably the result of an entirely natural release of hormones which helps let down the milk and is nothing to do with your abilities as a mother. If you're concerned about your mood during breastfeeding, you should always see your doctor.

Taking vitamins can help with both the physical and emotional stress that breastfeeding can put on your body. There are essential breastfeeding vitamins that contain everything you need to stay as healthy as possible during your breastfeeding months, like these Pregnacare supplements (£10.45,

Can I breastfeed in public?

Breastfeeding in public may feel strange at first, but it's both legal and also socially acceptable to the vast majority of people, so you should never be made to feel ashamed of doing it.

Practicality is key, so make sure you wear a suitable bra and nursing top to be able to feed easily and comfortably. You can buy a special breastfeeding cover or shawl like this one from Loving Mum (£13.97, if you feel more relaxed being covered when you feed.

Bring someone with you if you feel strange feeding your baby in public on your own. It will become easier the more you do it.

What breastfeeding supplies do I need?

If you already know you're going to try breastfeeding, getting the right kit in advance can make your life much easier.

There are many things you can buy to help with breastfeeding, and it's likely you'll consider them essentials once you've used them for a while.

The first is a breast pump. This is invaluable whenever you don't have your baby with you because you'll need to remove all that milk somehow for your own comfort. Try this Tommee Tippee Closer to Nature Breastfeeding Kit (£29.99,, which contains a manual pump, bottles, breast pads and storage lids. Check out our full guide to breast pumps, here.

A nursing pillow like this one from Cuddles Collection (£12.99, can help with positioning for a comfortable feed.

A sling can also help you to breastfeed standing up. We like this one from Allis Baby (£15.99,, which can be used as a scarf when you're not carrying your baby in it.


Breast pads are another accessory that most breastfeeding mums count as an essential. They soak up nipple leaks – helping to avoid embarrassing situations – and also help prevent chapped and sore nipples. Our favourites are these Medela Disposable Nursing Pads (£5.99 for 30,

The last thing you should be worrying about when you’re feeding the baby is your clothes. From crossover designs to cleverly positioned zips and poppers, there are loads of different nursing tops out there that take the fuss and stress out of feeding. Check out the best tops for nursing, here. 

How long should I breastfeed for?

As with so much of breastfeeding guidance, weaning off breastmilk is a personal process and can change according to your or your baby's needs.

Around six months is a good time for your baby to start trying solid foods. However, it's important to do this only when they've had a little milk. It's a trying process for them, and doing it when they're extremely hungry is likely to lead to frustration for both of you.

Weaning is usually done by dropping one feed a day from your baby's normal routine. You might want to start by thinking about which feed your baby enjoys most, and making sure you keep that feed in your routine, dropping a different one in favour of trying some solids.

You may need to express milk for your own comfort to compensate for the reduction in feeds. Keep an eye on your own health at the same time as looking after your baby's.

Many mothers find that they can let their baby guide the process from here on in, adopting a "don't offer, don't refuse" approach. This allows their baby to ask for milk at any time, but with the baby (rather than the mother) guiding the feeds.

Some mothers find that they wish they had carried on breastfeeding for longer than they did, so when you do decide to try weaning your baby make sure it's for you and your child, and not because you feel any pressure to stick to someone else's timetable.

Breastfeeding help and support

Breastfeeding your baby should be an enjoyable, bonding experience for both of you. If you're having difficulties at any time, you don't need to suffer in silence.

There are plenty of new mums out there who have had the same issues you may be experiencing, and there's also an abundance of help, so speak to your GP if you think something is going wrong and you will be completely supported.

Breastfeeding groups and classes are also widely available, and can be an excellent social outlet for new mums as well as a helpful support network for breastfeeding issues.

In addition to this overview, we've created a step-by-step guide to breastfeeding, shared breastfeeding tips and addressed some common breastfeeding problems to help give you the best start on your breastfeeding journey.

15 fascinating facts about breastfeeding that will blow your mind!

Did you know that if you are struggling to settle your baby, it might be because newborns have a strong sense of smell and know the unique scent of your breastmilk which could be distracting them and preventing them from falling asleep. That's why it may be a good idea to send your partner instead! 

We spoke to a breastfeeding counsellor, to find out the best breastfeeding facts they have learnt along the way that they love to share with her NCT classes. 

9 ways to boost your breastmilk

We find out how to increase the quantity and quality of breastmilk in 9 simple steps, with registered nutritionist Louise Pyne.

Now read:

Newborn baby essentials you actually need from day one

The best free breastfeeding apps that every new mum needs in their life

The best dummies for breastfed babies

How are you finding your breastfeeding journey? Let us know on Facebook or Twitter!

  • Author: Aimee Jakes Aimee Jakes
  • Job Title: Shopping and Community Editor

Aimee is the Shopping and Community Editor at Bauer Media where she works on fitness, fashion and beauty content across a number of titles such as heat, Closer and Grazia.

Her hobbies include truffle mac and cheese, Class Pass and relentlessly checking (and scolding!) the weather app.

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