There are many reasons for a little one to stop breathing and their heart stop beating.
Adults tend to have a cardiac event meaning the heart is not functioning. Children tend to have respiratory compromise therefore breathing is affected.
Here's a six-step guide to CPR from Mini First Aid...
1) Check for response
A quick assessment of unconsciousness established by a tap on the foot or shoulder and calling their name to see if they respond.
2) Check airways
Check baby’s airway is open by tilting the head and lifting the chin. If something is blocking the airway, which you can easily remove, then remove. If not, move to step 3.
3) Check for normal breathing
Check breathing. Look listen and feel for a maximum of 10 seconds for normal breathing
If your baby is not breathing and unresponsive you need to SHOUT FOR HELP and start CPR.
4) Give 5 rescue breaths
With the airway open, give 5 Initial rescue breaths by placing your mouth over your baby’s mouth and nose, forming a seal and blowing into their mouth.
5) Perform 30 chest compressions
Perform 30 Chest compressions – Pressing down firmly with 2 fingers in the centre of the chest at a rate of 100-120 per minute.
Then give 2 Rescue breaths followed by 30 chest compressions and repeat.
6) Recovery position
If your baby starts to breathe, place her in the recovery position on her side, with their head tilted back until emergency help arrives.