Best ovulation test kits
Why are Ovulation Prediction Kits helpful?
Having sex consistently, a couple of times a week throughout your cycle, is the best way to increase your chances of pregnancy, but it is also extremely useful to be able to schedule sex when you know it is likely to make the most difference. This is where OPKs come in.
Couples with busy lives often find regular sex difficult and it can sometimes feel like a chore, especially for those who have been trying for a while with no success. While you could chart your monthly cycles using the temperature method, taking an over-the-counter test is a quick, easy, and reliable way to predict when ovulation is likely to occur.
If you have irregular cycle length, then OPKs are particularly useful. The test allows you to pinpoint your fertile window throughout the length of your menstrual every month and plan to have sex accordingly. This can often make these times more special, as you know your chances are maximised, improving your relationship and reducing the stress often associated with trying for a baby.
How do ovulation tests work?
Urine-based ovulation tests are the most common, they detect the LH surge in your urine, which signals when you are about to start ovulating. This is detected one or two days before ovulation. While a small amount of LH (luteinising hormone) already exists in urine, the amount increases by two to five times in the few days before ovulation, which is how the test can reliably identify your most fertile window. During this window, you are most likely to conceive.
Salivary ferning kits are another type of OPK. These operate rather by monitoring the rise in your oestrogen levels both before and just after ovulation. You test your saliva with a tiny, portable microscope and if your oestrogen levels have risen, the salt content of your saliva increases.
When the salt dries, it crystallises into a fern-like pattern, letting you know that you are now in your ovulation window. If you are not in your fertile window, the saliva will just dry in shapeless lumps.
How do you use OPKs?
These are rather like pregnancy tests, simply wee on a stick and coloured bands will appear on the stick to indicate whether or not the LH surge is occurring. If you are using a digital OPK, they usually use symbols, such as a smiley face to let you know when you are on your most fertile days. Generally, you should try to collect your wee between 10am and 8pm. The recommended optimum time is between 2pm and 2.30pm.
It is recommended that you try to collect your wee at about the same time every day, for added consistency, but this is not absolutely crucial. A few more tips - don’t do the test as soon as you wake up, and try to reduce the amount of liquid you drink for about four hours before you do the test. Too much liquid could dilute your urine, which may make it more difficult to detect the LH increase.
Afterwards, read the test results within 10 minutes and throw the test away once you’ve read it, as sometimes faintly coloured bands start appearing sometime after, which can deceive you about the result.
Salivary Ferning OPKs
Using a salivary ferning OPK is easier, simply place some of your saliva on the slide, either using your finger or licking it. Do this first thing in the morning, before you’ve had anything to eat or drink. Make sure you don’t put too much saliva on it and that it is free of any air bubbles for the best result.
Then, you wait for the saliva to dry and use the microscope to see whether there is any ‘ferning’ or not. You can compare your slide with examples in the instructions to see whether you are ovulating or not that day. With both types of OPK, the best time to start testing is on day 11 of your cycle and you can carry on for six days. Our ovulation calculator will help you with that.
Is there anything else to be aware of when using OPKs?
Although over-the-counter drugs like paracetamol won’t affect the tests, those containing Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin (hCG) or LH can have an effect on your result. Equally, some fertility drugs can also affect the results, so make sure you check any medication before taking the test.
Urine-based LH tests are 99% accurate at detecting ovulation. Salivary ferning tests aren’t as accurate, as the process of ferning may happen at other times in your menstrual cycle, especially if you are taking fertility drugs. One thing to note is that if you have poor eyesight, salivary ferning kits may not be the best method to choose.